In 1972, American Robert J. Fischer challenged Soviet Boris Spassky for the World Championship which was held in Reykjavik, Iceland. The match was scheduled for twenty four games and was the most worldwide publicized Championship in Chess history since it took place during the height of the Cold War between the United States and the USSR. As a consequence, both players were under considerable pressure to win. When Fischer defeated Spassky, he became the first American to win the World Championship and also ended
35 years of Soviet domination of the world Chess title.