Samuel Loyd was a recreational
mathematician and also a Chess player, Chess composer, and
puzzle author. Loyd was born in January 30, 1841 in Philadelphia
and later raised in New York. Sam Loyd wanted to find out from the
beginning of a Chess game the fewest number of moves required to
end in a stalemate. The answer he found in 1866 was ten moves.
Loyd also composed the fastest stalemate possible in only twelve
moves having all thirty-two pieces
over the board. Both puzzles are shown below to review
them in a pgn viewer. Sam Loyd died in Brooklyn, New York on the morning of April 10th 1911
at the age of seventy years.